Note: None of the resources below are paid endorsements. Instead, these resources include instruments I developed and validated for practice and/or research, trainings/books/links I frequently recommend, and links for mental/emotional health support.
instruments from my research
Please feel free to use these instruments in your practice and/or research, citing the appropriate article from which they originated. I also love hearing about how others use these instruments, so please reach out and let me know if/how you plan to use them! If you’re a mental health care provider, I hope you’ll consider using them to contemplate various facets to integrating spirituality in mental health care.
Religious/Spiritually Integrated Practice Assessment Scale (RSIPAS; 2014, 2016)
The purpose of this scale is to measure mental health care providers’ self-efficacy, attitudes, perceived feasibility, behaviors, and together, their overall orientation toward integrating clients’ religion/spirituality into mental health treatment.
CLICK HERE for RSIPAS v1 (Oxhandler & Parrish), developed for social workers [source | articles that cite RSIPASv1]
CLICK HERE for RSIPAS v2 (Oxhandler), developed for interdisciplinary groups of mental health care providers, including social workers, counselors, psychologists, nurses, and/or marriage and family therapists. [source | articles that cite RSIPASv2]
Religious/Spiritually Integrated Practice Assessment Scale – Client Attitudes (RSIPAS-CA; 2018)
The purpose of this scale is to assess mental health clients’ attitudes regarding integrating their religion/spirituality into mental health treatment. The items largely mirror the RSIPAS in order to compare clients’ and providers’ views.
CLICK HERE for RSIPAS-CAv1 (Oxhandler, Stanford, & Ellor) [source | articles that cite RSIPAS-CA]
[coming soon!] RSIPAS-CAv2 (Oxhandler, Pargament, Pearce, Vieten, Moffatt) [source | articles that cite RSIPAS-CAv2]
Social Workers’ Integration of their Faith-Christian Scale (SWIF-C; 2019)
The purpose of this scale is to explore the impact of social work [practice] on one’s faith, the impact of faith on one’s social work [practice], the impact of faith on one’s social work identity, and potential conflict between one’s faith and social work [practice]. The scale was developed with a Christian sample and items were tailored to mirror a Christian faith tradition, but the authors are interested in adapting it for other faith traditions.
CLICK HERE for SWIF-C (Oxhandler, Chamiec-Case, & Wolfer) [source | articles that cite SWIF-C]
Relevance of Religion/Spirituality & Mental Health (RRSMH; 2021)
The purpose of this scale is to measure mental health clients’ perceptions of the relevance of religion/spirituality to mental health in both positive and negative ways. This scale was developed with a national sample of current mental health clients.
[coming soon!] RRSMH (Oxhandler, Pargament, Pearce, Vieten, & Moffatt) [source | articles that cite RRSMH]
New instruments coming soon:
Religious/Spiritually Integrated Practice Scale – Educators (Oxhandler & Polson)
**developed with a national sample of graduate-level social work educators
Spiritual Competency Training in Mental Health (SCT-MH; led by Pearce & Pargament with input from Vieten and myself)
This training was developed by a research team I’ve been partnering with since 2016, funded by the John Templeton Foundation (#60971). To learn more about our team’s line of research, please visit this site.
Spirituality and Social Work: Online Post-Master’s Certificate Program
Led by Dr. Anthony Nicotera and Dr. Edward Canda through NYU’s Silver School of Social Work
UT Austin’s Summer Statistics Institute
I recommend this training to all of my doctoral students or faculty who want a refresher on statistical analyses/research methods.
Check out my regularly updated list of recommended books on Bookshop (affiliated link).
For teaching on or studying religion/spirituality in mental health and related helping professions:
- Canda, E. R. (1998). Spirituality and social work: New directions. Haworth Pastoral Press.
- Canda, E.R. & Furman, L.D. (2010) Spiritual Diversity in Social Work Practice (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press.
- Carlson, L. E., & Shapiro, S. L. (2009). The Art and Science of Mindfulness: Integrating Mindfulness into Psychology and the Helping Professions. American Psychological Association.
- Ellor, J. W., Netting, E., & Thibault, J. (1999). Understanding Religious and Spiritual Aspects of Human Service Practice. Columbia: The University of South Carolina Press.
- Froese, P. & Bader, C. (2010). America’s four Gods: What we say about God and what that says about us. Oxford University Press.
- Garland, D. (2015). Why I am a social worker: 25 Christians tell their life stories. NACSW Press.
- Garland, D. & Yancey, G. (2014). Congregational social work: Christian perspectives. NACSW Press.
- Griffith, J. L. (2010). Religion that heals, religion that harms: A guide for clinical practice. Guilford Press.
- Kahle, P. A., & Robbins, J. M. (2004). The Power of Spirituality in Therapy: Integrating Spiritual and Religious Beliefs in Mental Health Practice. Haworth Press.
- Koenig, H. G. (2005). Faith and Mental Health: Religious Resources for Healing. Templeton Foundation Press.
- Koenig, H. G. (2011). Spirituality and Health Research: Methods, Measurements, Statistics, amd Resources. Templeton Foundation Press.
- Koenig, H. G. (2017). Religion & Mental Health Book Series: [Protestant Christianity, Catholic Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism] and Mental Health: Beliefs, Research, & Applications.
- Koenig, H. G., King, D. E., & Carson, V. B. (2012). Handbook of religion and health (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press.
- Koenig, H. G., McCullough, M. E., & Larson, D. B. (2001). Handbook of religion and health (1st ed.). Oxford University Press.
- Koenig, H. G. (2007). Spirituality in Patient Care: Why, How, When and What (2nd ed.). Templeton Foundation Press.
- Miller, G. (2003). Incorporating Spirituality in Counseling and Psychotherapy: Theory and Technique. John Wiley & Sons.
- Miller, L. (2015). The spiritual child: The new science on parenting for health and lifelong thriving. St. Martin’s Press.
- Pargament, K. I. (1997). The psychology of religion and coping. Guilford Press.
- Pargament, K. I. (2007). Spiritually Integrated Psychotherapy: Understanding and Addressing the Sacred. The Guilford Press.
- Pearce, M. (2016). Cognitive behavioral therapy for Christians with depression: A practical tool-based primer. Templeton Press.
- Richards, P. S., & Bergin, A. E. (2005). A spiritual strategy for counseling and psychotherapy (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association.
- Shapiro, S.L. & Carlson, L.E. (2009). The Art and Science of Mindfulness: Integrating Mindfulness into Psychology and the Helping Professions. American Psychological Association.
- Tobin, S. S., Ellor, J. W., & Anderson-Ray, S. (1986). Enabling the Elderly: Religious Institutions within the Community Service System. State University of New York Press.
- Vieten, C., & Scammell, S. (2015). Spiritual and religious competencies in clinical practice: Guidelines for psychotherapists and mental health professionals. New Harbinger Publications.
For faith leaders considering ways to better address mental health needs in their community:
Compassion in Action: A guide for faith communities serving people experiencing mental illness and their caregivers (offered by HHS’s Partnership Center)
Hope for Mental Health
For Research Methods:
- Structural Equation Modeling with MPlus – Barbara Byrne
- Internet, Phone, Mail, & Mixed-Mode Surveys: The Tailored Design Method – Don Dillman, Jolene Smyth, Leah Christian
- Research Methods for Social Work – Allen Rubin & Earl Babbie
- Principles and Practice of Structural Equation Modeling – Rex Kline
For Faculty Development:
- Dare to Lead – Brené Brown
- Practical Tips for Writing Scholarly Articles – Rich Furman
- Deep Work – Cal Newport
- Digital Minimalism – Cal Newport
- How To Write a Lot – Paul Silvia
- Start with Why – Simon Sinek
Books that have served my own spiritual journey/formation:
- The Essential Rumi – Coleman Barks
- Pilgrimage of a Soul – Phileena Heuertz
- Chasing Slow – Erin Loechner
- Making All Things New – Henri Nouwen
- All Along You Were Blooming – Morgan Harper Nichols
- Present Over Perfect – Shauna Niequist
- Everything Belongs – Richard Rohr
Check out my GoodReads page for what I’m currently reading.
- National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: 1-800-273-TALK (8255)
- Nacional de Prevención del Suicidio: 1-888-628-9454
- Options For Deaf + Hard of Hearing: 1-800-799-4889
- Lifeline Chat
- Crisis Text Line: text ‘Home’ to 741741
- Hopeline: Call or text 919-231-4525 or 1-877-235-4525
- National Domestic Violence Hotline: 1-800-799-SAFE(7233), Deaf/hard of hearing 1-855-812-1011 (VP), 1-800-787-3224(TTY).
- Trevor Lifeline: 866-488-7386 (specializes in LGBTQ+ youth)
- TXT 4 HELP (texting crisis support for teens): Text the word “safe” and your current location (address, city, state) to 4HELP (44357).
- National Grad Crisis Line: 1.877.GRAD.HLP / 1.877.472.3457 (specific for graduate students)
- Veterans Crisis Line: call 1-800-273-8255 and press 1 or send a text message to 838255
- Boys Town Hotline: 800-448-3000 (also has an option for hearing and speech impaired callers at 1-800-448-1833)
- SAMHSA (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration) maintains a directory of local behavioral health services here.
- A list of low cost mental health resources is being compiled on LowCostHelp.com or Open Path Psychotherapy Collective.
- Local counselors, psychiatrists, and treatment centers can be searched for on HelpPRO, Psychology Today, or TherapyDen.
- Local resources suggested by To Write Love On Her Arms is available here.
- The ADAA (Anxiety and Depression Association of America) has a searchable directory here.
- The ADAA’s directory for Telemental Health providers.
- The Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies has a searchable directory for CBT therapists.
- The National Mental Health Consumers’ Self-Help Clearinghouse keeps a directory of consumer-driven services for finding local peer-support resources.
- A directory specific to black women can be found at Therapy for Black Girls.
- A directory of ‘culturally competent clinicians committed to serving the mental health needs of Black & Latinx/Hispanic communities’ can be found at Melanin & Mental Health.
- A bilingual directory of mental health providers for Latinx individuals can be found at Latinx Therapy.
- A directory of therapists who ‘either identify as Latinx, a POC, or have worked closely with the POC community’ can be found at Therapy for Latinx.
- Active Minds
- Addiction Helper (UK specific)
- ADDitude (website dedicated to ADD/ADHD resources & info)
- American Association of Suicidology
- American Foundation for Suicide Prevention
- Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA)
- Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD)
- Crisis Text Line (Text ‘Start’ to 741-741)
- Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA)
- DrugRehab.com (Includes a page on co-occuring disorders)
- Grad Resources (for graduate students in the U.S.)
- Heads Up Guys
- International Association for Suicide Prevention
- International OCD Foundation
- Man Therapy
- Mental Health America
- Mental Health Grace Alliance
- The Mighty (stories by those with chronic illness, mental illness, and more.)
- National Alliance on Mental Illness (Includes info on specific conditions)
- NAMI Helpline (Answers questions about mental health issues)
- National Institute on Mental Health (NIMH)
- Includes a page with statistics on various topics
- National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (1.800.273.8255 / 1.800.273.TALK)
- Schizophrenia and Related Disorders Alliance of America (SARDAA)
- Sidran Institute (trauma & dissociation)
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
- Suicide Prevention Resource Center
- Treatment and Research Advancements for Borderline Personality Disorder (TARA 4 BPD)
- You Matter (a safe space for youth to discuss and share stories about mental health and wellness, created and administered by the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline.)
*A special thank you to Robert Vore for compiling these lists on his website and allowing others to freely share them!